3 حقائق عن استخدام تعال بصيغة (الحاضر والماضي والمستقبل)


Tenses (past, present, and future) are grammatical categories that show the time of occurrence of an activity or event. This article will show the usage of “come” in all tenses.

الفعل "تأتي” means to travel to a place, to move, to visit, to reach a destination, to arrive at a place or conclusion, to happen, and to be part of a list. “Come” undergoes several form changes while being used in the بسيط, متواصل, perfect continuous, and برنامج مثالي forms of the past, present, and future tenses.

This article will examine, with examples and structures, the inflections that the verb “come” undergoes when it represents all the twelve forms of the three tenses – past, present, and future.

“Come” in present tense

The present tense is the tense that shows the occurrence of an action that is ongoing now at the current moment. Here, we shall see the usage of “come” in the present tense forms.

The verb “come” in the الزمن الحاضر has different forms such as “come,” ‘comes,’ ‘is/are/am coming,’ ‘has/have come’, and ‘has/has been coming.’ 

Example: Can you please تأتي with me to the shop?

In the above interrogative sentence, the verb "يأتي" يستخدم في زمن المضارع البسيط as represents the current action of travelling or going to the shop with the speaker.

When is “come” used in the present tense?

The verb “come” is utilized in the present tense when it is used to show the actions of traveling, moving, reaching, arriving, visiting, happening, and being a part that is taking place at the present moment, ‘now.’ 

Sentence formation of “come” in the present tense

أشكال المضارعهياكل
1. زمن المضارع البسيطa. First/second person singular/ plural Subject + come + remaining part of the sentence

b. Third person singular subject + comes + rest of the sentence
 
c. Third person plural subject + come+ remaining part of the sentence
2. زمن المضارع المستمرa. Singular first Person subject + am + coming + last part of the sentence

b. Plural first person subject + are + coming+ end part sentence

c. Singular/plural second person + are + coming + last part of the sentence

d. Singular third person + is + coming+ rest of the sentence

e. Plural third person + are+ coming + sentence end
3. زمن المضارع التامa. Singular/plural first person subject + have + come + end of the sentence

b. Singular/plural second person subject + have + come + last part of the sentence

c. Singular third person subject + has + come + rest of the  sentence

d. Plural third person subject + have + come + sentence end
4. المضارع التام المستمرa. Singular/plural first person subject + have + been + coming + end part of the sentence

b. Singular/plural second person subject + have + been + coming + sentence end

c. Singular third person subject + has + been + coming + remaining sentence

d. Plural third person subject + have + been + coming + remaining part of the sentence
Sentence Structure Of “Come” In Present Sentence Forms

Examples of “come” in the present tense

أمثلةتفسيرات
أ. أنا / نحن / أنت تأتي to this place often as it gives mental peace.

b. Vaishali يأتي to this place often as it gives mental peace.

c. My parents تأتي to this place often as it gives mental peace.
في كل هذه الجمل ، الفعل "يأتي" و ‘comes’ (inflected form) indicate the هديه بسيطه tense as it is showing a تيار action that happens on a regular basis when the subject visits concern that place often as it gives mental peace.   
أ. أنا انا قادم to the party with my school friends.

ب. نحن قادمون to the party with our school friends.
 
ج. أنت قادمون to the party with your school friends.

d. Sukanya قادم to the party with her school friends.

ه. أنهم قادمون to the party with their school friends.
 
 Here, in all these sentences, the verb "يأتي" is utilized as ‘am/are/is coming’ في ال المضارع المستمر tense form. The usage of the form ‘coming’ denotes that the action of going, visiting, or reaching the party with the school friend is happening and continuing up to this moment. 
أ. أنا / نحن جاء to a conclusion to give the team one last chance to prove themselves.    

ب. أنت جاء to a conclusion to give the team one last chance to prove themselves.    

ج. المدير لديها تأتي to a conclusion to give the team one last chance to prove themselves.   

د. كبار المسؤولين لديك تأتي to a conclusion to give the team one last chance to prove themselves.   
   
في كل هذه الجمل المعطاة ، الفعل "يأتي" يستخدم في المضارع التام المستمر شكل 'has/have come’.  The usage of ‘has/have come’ يدل على ذلك past action of arriving at a conclusion or decision that has its effect in the present.   
أ. أنا / نحن have been coming here for the past week and yet no action has been taken.

ب. أنت have been coming here for the past week and yet no action has been taken.

c. The old man has been coming here for the past week and yet no action has been taken.

d. People who are affected have been coming here for the past week and yet no action has been taken.
 
 
هنا الفعل "كيف"في المضارع التام المستمر as ‘has/have been coming’. The usage present perfect continuous form has/have been coming’ reveals that the activity of the subject visiting here has begun in the previous week (past) and is still now continuing to occur in the present and yet no actions are taken.
Usage Of “Come” In Present Tense

“Come” in past tense

The past tense is the tense that shows the occurrence of an action that is completed (anytime before ‘now’). Here, we shall explore the usage of “come” in the past tense forms.

The verb “come” in the فعل ماضي undergoes inflections and is used in various forms like ‘came,’ ‘was/were coming,’ ‘had come’ and ‘had been coming.’

Example: My sister, Rudra, أتى to my house last week.

في هذه الجملة ، الفعل "يأتي" has used as 'أتى' في ال الماضي البسيط in order to indicate that the action of Rudra going or moving to the speaker’s house is already over in the last week (a time in the past).

When is “come” used in the past tense?

The verb “come” is utilized in the past tense in different forms when used to indicate the actions of moving, traveling, reaching, arriving, happening, visiting, and being a part that is already completed, over, or taken place before ‘now.’

Sentence formation of “come” in the past tense

أشكال الفعل الماضيهياكل
1. زمن الماضي البسيطFirst/second/third person singular/ plural Subject + came + end of the sentence
2. الماضي المستمرa. First person singular subject + was+ coming + rest of the sentence

b. First person plural subject + were + coming + final part of the sentence
 
c. Second person singular/plural subject + were+ coming + remaining part of the sentence

d. Third person singular subject + was + coming + final part of the sentence

e. Third person plural subject + were + coming + end of the sentence
3. الزمن الماضي التامFirst/second/third singular/plural subject + had + come + remaining part of the sentence
4. الماضي التام المستمرFirst/second/third singular/plural subject + had + been + coming + sentence end
Sentence Structure Of “Come” In Past Tense Forms

Examples of “come” in the past tense

أمثلةتفسيرات
 أنا / نحن / أنت / هي / هم أتى by bus to school.  هنا، و الماضي البسيط من الفعل "كيف"- 'أتى' indicates that the speaker/ speakers سافر to the school by bus الاستخدام 'أتى' يدل على أن العمل travelling to school by bus is over and happened in the past.  
أ. أنا was coming to a point where nothing and nobody could affect me.

ب. نحن were coming to a point where nothing and nobody could affect us.

ج. أنت were coming to a point where nothing and nobody could affect you.

d. Sheetal was coming to a point where nothing and nobody could affect her.  

e. The hurt children كان آت to a point where nothing and nobody could affect them.
 
هنا في هذه الأمثلة ، ‘was/were coming’، الصيغة السابقة المستمرة للفعل "يأتي" is employed. Using the زمن الماضي المستمر form of “come” conveys that the actions of reaching a point where nobody and nothing could hurt the subject were continuing to happen sometime back then in the past.  
أنا / نحن / أنت / هي / هم قد حان from a very faraway land.‘Had come” هل الماضي المثالي of the base verb “come”. ‘Had come’ is employed to indicate that the subject had سافر from a very faraway land.
أنا / نحن / أنت / هي / هم had been coming home to see you till last Friday.“Had been coming” هل الماضي التام المستمر form of the base verb “come”.  It is utilized to convey that the subject had visited the home to see ‘you’ until last Friday (a time in the past).
Usage Of “Come” In Past Tense

“Come” in future tense

The future tense is the tense that shows the occurrence of an action that will happen (anytime after ‘now’). We shall here understand the usage of “come” in the future tense forms.

The verb “come” in the زمن المستقبل takes up various forms like ‘will/shall come,’ ‘will/shall be coming,’ ‘will/shall have come’ and ‘will/shall have been coming’ after undergoing the grammatical inflections. 

Examples: I am sure Sudha سوف يأتي first in her school test. 

‘Will come,’ ال simple future tense form of the verb “come,” is utilized in the above sentence to show that the action of Sudha standing first in her school test has not yet occurred till now but will happen anytime in the future. 

When is “come” used in the future tense?

The verb “come” is utilized in several forms of the future tense when used to represent the activities of reaching, moving, traveling, being a part, happening, visiting, and arriving that will occur or happen any time after the current moment.

Sentence formation of “come” in the future tense

أشكال زمن المستقبلهياكل
1. زمن المستقبل البسيطFirst/second/third singular/plural subject + will + come + sentence end
2. زمن المستقبل المستمرFirst/second/third singular/plural subject + will + be+ coming + final part of the sentence
3. زمن المستقبل التامFirst/second/third singular/plural subject + will + have+ coming + end of the sentence
4. المستقبل التام المستمرFirst/second/third singular/plural subject + will + have+ been + coming + sentence end
Sentence Structure Of “Come” In Future Tense Forms

Examples of “come” in the future tense

أمثلةتفسيرات
أنا / نحن / أنت / هي / هم سوف يأتي and answer all the queries in tomorrow’s meeting.    'Will come’أطلقت حملة مستقبل بسيط شكل "تأتي” conveys that the subject سيصل at the meeting only tomorrow.   
أنا / نحن / أنت / هي / هم سآتي to the US during the summer vacation.  ‘Will be coming’أطلقت حملة المستقبل المستمر of "كيف” tells that the action visiting the US by the subject will be occurring in the future.
أنا / نحن / أنت / هو / هم سيأتي to Delhi five times by this month’s end.'Will have come’أطلقت حملة شكل المستقبل المثالي of "يأتي" reveals that the subject had already visited Delhi 4 times و it would be their fifth time when they visit it by this month’s end (مستقبل).
Next year, I/We/You/She/They will have been coming to the annual board meeting for seven years.'Will have been coming’أطلقت حملة المستقبل التام المستمر of "يأتي" denotes that the action of the subject being part of the annual meeting for seven years will be occurring next year (future).
Usage Of “Come” In Future Tense

في الختام

Hence, this article, gives a detailed explanation of how the verb “come” is utilized in all the English grammatical tenses.

Sowndharya Jagadeeswaran

مرحبًا ... أنا Sowndharya Jagadeeswaran ، حاصل على درجة جامعية في ماجستير الأدب الإنجليزي. لقد حصلت أيضًا على درجة الماجستير في إدارة الأعمال. نظرًا لكوني فضوليًا ، فقد ساعدني اهتمامي بالبحث العملي على نشر الأوراق البحثية في المجلات ذات السمعة الطيبة. الآن ، كمهنة ، أنا مدرس حيث أقوم بتدريس الطلاب الصغار والرائعين التقنيات المعقدة للخطابة العامة والكتابة الإبداعية. أستمتع أيضًا بكتابة مقالات حول موضوعات أتخصص فيها وأبحث فيها. يمكنك التواصل معي من خلال LinkedIn.

آخر المقالات

رابط لـ 3 حقائق عن استخدام القبول بصيغة (الحاضر والماضي والمستقبل)

3 حقائق عن استخدام القبول بصيغة (الحاضر والماضي والمستقبل)

أي كلمة عمل (فعل) ستشير إلى الزمن ، الوقت الذي حدث فيه الفعل ، أو يحدث ، أو سيحدث. في هذه المقالة ، سنرى استخدام كلمة "قبول" في أزمان مختلفة. ال...