الجسيمات الحالة وجهاز جولجي: 5 حقائق كاملة


Like how human body has many organs, each and every cell has various organelles which perform specific tasks. Let us see more about lysosome and golgi apparatus in detail.

الايسوسوم و جهاز جولجي are the organelles that are present inside a cell. Lysosome clears out the damaged parts of the cell with the aid of the digestive enzyme it produces and golgi apparatus secretes and packs the البروتينات to other organelle which is in need of protein.

Both lysosome and golgi apparatus are membrane bound cell organelles. Lysosome produces digestive enzymes from the proteins secreted by the golgi apparatus. Golgi apparatus produces protein and transport it to lysosome and other organelles.

Let us discuss the relationship between lysosome and golgi apparatus, along with its differences, working principle and many other related facts in this article.

Relationship between lysosome and Golgi apparatus

In order to perform cellular mechanisms, one organelle relies on another. Let us see how lysosome and Golgi apparatus are related.

Golgi apparatus is responsible for producing lysosome. Lysosome are formed when vesicles that are formed from the trans-Golgi connect or combine with endosomes which are present in the الشبكة الأندوبلازمية.

Lysosome produce various digestive enzymes to tear out or clear the damaged cell contents. These enzymes are also produced with the aid of proteins that are produced by golgi apparatus.

Difference between lysosome and Golgi apparatus:

Each organelle is different from one another mainly on the basis of its composition and functions performed. Let us see how lysosome is different from golgi apparatus.

Major differences between lysosome and golgi apparatus are given below:

الايسوسومجهاز جولجي
وظيفة Lysosome clears out the damaged or the waste cell contents.Golgi apparatus is like a transport system which actually transports different kinds of proteins to the other parts of the cell and also outside the cell
نشاط الانزيم The lysosomes produce a good number of  enzymes that hydrolyse the biomolecules like proteins, nucleic acids, lipids, carbohydrates.The Golgi Apparatus acts  as the supervisor and transporter of proteins that are produced in the endoplasmic reticulum.
آلية العمل These hydrolytic enzymes that are utilized for the breakdown of the biomolecules are produced in the organelle Endoplasmic Reticulum and are let out by the Golgi Apparatus in tiny الحويصلات, which further combine with other vesicles called the endosomes to produce the lysosomes.These proteins have their morphological change as per their need and thus they aid in the formation of lysosomes
Difference between lysosome and Golgi apparatus

How does Golgi apparatus form lysosomes?

Lysosomes are formed by the عضية golgi apparatus. Let us see how they are formed.

Golgi apparatus makes or produces the organelle lysosome by the combination of small vesicles. It secretes protein and these proteins connect or combine with small vesicles in the trans-golgi apparatus and thus lysosome are produced.

How does a protein move between Golgi and lysosome?

Proteins are mainly produced in the endoplasmic reticulum. Let us find out how they are transported between golgi apparatus and lysosome.

Proteins move in between golgi and lysosome with the aid of vesicles available in the golgi apparatus. Proteins produced in the endoplasmic reticulum move to Golgi bodies, undergo modifications and are then transported to various cell sites, including the surface of the cell and the endosomes.

جهاز جولجي
الصور: ويكيميديا

Proteins are processed in the Golgi before being sent to the cells by the endoplasmic reticulum.

How do lysosomes and golgi apparatus work together?

Each organelle inside the cell is interconnected and thus needs the aid of the other for better functioning. Let us see the working principle of lysosome and golgi bodies.

Lysosome and golgi apparatus work together with a cyclic complex mechanism. The golgi produces proteins and forms the lysosome which clears out the damaged cell contents. The golgi secretes proteins and the vesicles in golgi are then combined to اندوسومات thus forming the lysosomes.

الخلاصة:

This article is a comprehensive post on the organelle lysosome and golgi apparatus. The post speaks about the details like function and working mechanism individually as well as together and also about their cell.

سوغابرابها براساث

مرحبًا ، أنا سوغابرابها براساث ، طالبة دراسات عليا في مجال علم الأحياء الدقيقة. أنا عضو نشط في الرابطة الهندية لعلم الأحياء الدقيقة التطبيقي (IAAM). لدي خبرة بحثية في الطب قبل السريري (أسماك الحمار الوحشي) والإنزيمات البكتيرية وتكنولوجيا النانو. لقد نشرت مقالتين بحثيتين في مجلة دولية وعدد قليل آخر لم يتم نشره بعد ، تسلسلان تم تقديمهما في NCBI-GENBANK. أنا جيد في شرح المفاهيم في علم الأحياء على المستويين الأساسي والمتقدم. تخصصي هو التكنولوجيا الحيوية ، علم الأحياء الدقيقة ، علم الإنزيمات ، البيولوجيا الجزيئية ، التيقظ الدوائي. بصرف النظر عن الأكاديميين ، أحب البستنة والتواجد مع النباتات والحيوانات. ملفي الشخصي المرتبط - https://www.linkedin.com/in/sugaprabha-prasath-2b2b66937/

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