هل الفعل اقتران: 5 حقائق يجب أن تعرفها


A meaningful sentence is all about the subject-verb agreement in all grammatical aspects with the help of the conjugation of verbs. Let us look at ways to conjugate verbs.

A verb must change its form to go hand in hand with its respective subjects in terms of all types of grammatical aspects. Herein lies the need for the conjugation of verbs.

Now, we will learn important facts about the conjugation of verbs along with various ways to conjugate verbs.

What is a verb conjugation?

There are various grammatical aspects that a الفعل must follow to match itself with its subject. Let us check the concept of conjugation of verbs for proper subject-verb agreement.

“Verb Conjugation” is the process of changing the form of a verb to match the subject in terms of some specific grammatical aspects.

A list of those aspects has been given below.

Aspects of a verb that must be conjugated in relation to its subject مثالتفسير
1. A verb must be conjugated according to the “person” of the respective subjective.Pijush never gives up his effort while facing any hurdle in life.The person of the sentence is “Pijush” and he is the third person singular number. Thus, we have added “-s” to the verb “give.” This addition of “s” to the basic form of the verb “give” can be termed as “conjugation of the verb”.
2. A verb must be conjugated according to the “number” of the respective subject.They are going to the market to buy some raw and fresh vegetables.The number of the subject “They” is a third-person plural number. Thus, we have changed the verb “am” to “are” to match the subject of the sentence, and this process is called “conjugation of verb.”
3. A verb must be conjugated according to the “tense” of the respective subject.I have been boiling the potato since last one hour but still it not cooked.We have added “ing” to the verb “boil” because the sentence is in the present perfect continuous tense and this process is called “conjugation of verb”.
4. A verb must be conjugated according to the “mood” of the respective subject.I wish I were the head of the elephant herd.We have added the verb “were” instead of “is” or “was” after the speaker “I” because the sentence is in the “subjunctive mood”.
Aspects of a verb that must be conjugated in relation to its subject 

How to conjugate a verb?

We can not apply the same rules to conjugate both regular and irregular verbs. Let us check the different rules of the conjugation of verbs.

Conjugation of “Regular Verb” –

There are some specific suffixes to be added to the base form of the الفعل العادي form to make it conjugated into different tenses, moods, persons, and genders.

صيغة متوترةAddition of suffixشكل الفعل
1. زمن المضارع البسيطBase Form / “-s” to the third person singular numberAchieve / Achieves
2. زمن المضارع المستمر“-ing”am/ is/ are achieving
3. زمن المضارع التام“-ed”Have achieved
4. المضارع التام المستمر“-ing”have been achieving
5. زمن الماضي البسيط“-ed”تحقق
6. الماضي المستمر“-ing”was achieving
7. الزمن الماضي التام“-ed”قد حقق
8. الماضي التام المستمر“-ing”had been achieving
9. زمن المستقبل البسيط“-ed”قد حقق
10. زمن المستقبل المستمر“-ing”will be achieving
11. زمن المستقبل التام“-ed”قد حقق
12. المستقبل التام المستمر“-ing”will have been achieving
Conjugation of “Regular Verb”

Conjugation of “Irregular Verb” –

It can not be specified with any rule, structure, pattern, or tendency to conjugate irregular verbs. There is only a common rule that we need to add the suffix “-s” to the basic form of both regular and irregular verbs in “simple present tense form”.

Let us check conjugation of two irregular verb forms.

صيغة متوترةIrregular Verb “give”Irregular Verb “buy”
1. زمن المضارع البسيطيعطيتشتري
2. زمن المضارع المستمرam/ is/ are givingam/ is/ are buying
3. زمن المضارع التامHave gaveHave bought
4. المضارع التام المستمرhave been givinghave been buying
5. زمن الماضي البسيطأعطىاشترى
6. الماضي المستمركان يعطيوكان شراء
7. الزمن الماضي التامhad gaveاشترى
8. الماضي التام المستمرhad been givinghad been buying
9. زمن المستقبل البسيطhad gaveاشترى
10. زمن المستقبل المستمرwill be givingسوف تشتري
11. زمن المستقبل التامhad gaveاشترى
12. المستقبل التام المستمرwill have been givingwill have been buying
Conjugation of “Irregular Verb”

What is a regular verb conjugation?

Both “regular” and “irregular” verbs can be conjugated by following their own set of rules. Let us see the concept of regular verb conjugation in action.

The “regular” verb conjugation is the easiest way to conjugate verbs because we can conjugate a regular verb by adding some specific suffixes. There are four types of لواحق that can be used to conjugate the most common verbs in English, and those are regular verbs.

Those four suffixes are as follows.

  1. “-d”
  2. “-ed”
  3. “-ing”
  4. "-س"

مثال -

Let us see how the regular verb “join” is conjugated according to various tense forms. Here, we have taken “I” as the subject.

صيغة متوترةExample of “Conjugation of Regular verb”تفسير
1. زمن المضارع البسيطI walk along the seaside to get some nice sea shells.We have kept the regular verb “walk” in its root form to make it appropriate for the “Simple Present Tense” form.
2. زمن المضارع المستمرI am walking along the seaside to get some nice sea shells.The suffix “-ing” has been added to the regular verb “walk” to make it appropriate for the “Present Continuous Tense” form.
3. زمن المضارع التامI have walked along the seaside for the last hour to get some nice seashells.The suffix “-ed” has been added to the regular verb “walk” to make it appropriate for the “Present Perfect Tense” form.
4. المضارع التام المستمرI have been walking along the seaside to get some nice seashells.The suffix “-ing” has been added to the regular verb “walk” to make it appropriate for the “Present Perfect Continuous Tense” form.
5. زمن الماضي البسيطI walked along the seaside to get some nice sea shells.The suffix “-ed” has been added to the regular verb “walk” to make it appropriate for the “Simple Past Tense ” form.
6. الماضي المستمرI was walking along the seaside to get some nice sea shells.The suffix “-ing” has been added to the regular verb “walk” to make it appropriate for the “Past Continuous Tense” form.
7. الزمن الماضي التامI had walked along the seaside before sundown to collect some nice sea shells.The suffix “-ed” has been added to the regular verb “walk” to make it appropriate for the “Past Perfect Tense” form.
8. الماضي التام المستمرI had been walking along the seaside to get some nice sea shells.The suffix “-ing” has been added to the regular verb “walk” to make it appropriate for the “Past Perfect Continuous Tense” form.
9. زمن المستقبل البسيطI will walk along the seaside to get some nice seashells.We have kept the regular verb “walk” in its root form to make it appropriate for the “Simple Future Tense ” form.
10. زمن المستقبل المستمرI will be walking along the seaside to get some nice seashells.The suffix “-ing” has been added to the regular verb “walk” to make it appropriate for the “Future Continuous Tense ” form.
11. زمن المستقبل التامI will have walked along the seaside to get some nice seashells.The suffix “-ed” has been added to the regular verb “walk” to make it appropriate for the “Future Perfect Tense ” form.
12. المستقبل التام المستمرI will have been walking along the seaside to get some nice seashells.The suffix “-ing” has been added to the regular verb “walk” to make it appropriate for the “Future Perfect Continuous Tense” form.
Conjugation of Regular verb

Conjugation of verb examples –

Now we will go through the conjugation of both regular and irregular verb forms to have a clear idea of the same.

“Regular Verb” Conjugation –

Now we will see how the regular verb “smile” is conjugated according to various tense forms. Here, we have taken “Ronit” as the subject. We must make a note that the subject “Ronit” is a third person singular number.

صيغة متوترةExample of “Conjugation of Regular verb”تفسير
1. زمن المضارع البسيطRonit smiles at the adorable girl to make her happy.The suffix “-s” has been added to the regular verb “smile” because the subject “Ronit” is third person singular female.
2. زمن المضارع المستمرRonit is smiling at the adorable girl to make her happy.The suffix “-ing” has been added to the root form of the verb “smile”.
3. زمن المضارع التامRonit has smiled for last five minutes at the adorable girl to make her happy.The suffix “-ed” has been added to the root form of the verb “smile”.
4. المضارع التام المستمرRonit has been smiling at the adorable girl to make her happy.The suffix “-ing” has been added to the root form of the verb “smile”.
5. زمن الماضي البسيطRonit smiled at the adorable girl to make her happy.The suffix “-ed” has been added to the root form of the verb “smile”.
6. الماضي المستمرRonit was smiling at the adorable girl to make her happy.The suffix “-ing” has been added to the root form of the verb “smile”.
7. الزمن الماضي التامRonit had smiled for five minutes at the adorable girl to make her happy.The suffix “-ed” has been added to the root form of the verb “smile”.
8. الماضي التام المستمرRonit had been smiling at the adorable girl to make her happy.The suffix “-ing” has been added to the root form of the verb “smile”.
9. زمن المستقبل البسيطRonit will smile at the adorable girl to make her happy.The regular verb “smile” is in its root form.
10. زمن المستقبل المستمرRonit will be smiling at the adorable girl to make her happy.The suffix “-ing” has been added to the root form of the verb “smile”.
11. زمن المستقبل التامRonit would have smiled at the adorable girl to make her happy.The suffix “-ed” has been added to the root form of the verb “smile”.
12. المستقبل التام المستمرRonit would have been smiling at the adorable girl to make her happy.The suffix “-ing” has been added to the root form of the verb “smile”.
Conjugation of Regular verb

“Irregular Verb” Conjugation –

How the irregular verb “bring” is conjugated here according to various tense forms we will explore. Here, we have taken “Mina” as the subject. We must make a note that the subject “Mina” is a third person singular number.

صيغة متوترةExample of “Conjugation of Regular verb”تفسير
1. زمن المضارع البسيطMina brings some black chocolate for those orphan children.The suffix “-s” has been added to the irregular verb “bring” because the subject “Mina” is a third-person singular female.
2. زمن المضارع المستمرMina is bringing some black chocolate for those orphan children.The irregular verb “bring” has been conjugated to “bringing” because the sentence is in the present continuous tense.
3. زمن المضارع التامMina has brought some black chocolate for those orphan children.The irregular verb “bring” has been conjugated to “brought” because the sentence is in the Present Perfect Tense.
4. المضارع التام المستمرMina has been bringing some black chocolate for those orphan children.The irregular verb “bring” has been conjugated to “bringing” because the sentence is in the Present Perfect Continuous Tense.
5. زمن الماضي البسيطMina brought some black chocolate for those orphan children.The irregular verb “bring” has been conjugated to “brought” because the sentence is in the Simple Past Tense.
6. الماضي المستمرMina was bringing some black chocolate for those orphan children.The irregular verb “bring” has been conjugated to “bringing” because the sentence is in the Past Continuous Tense.
7. الزمن الماضي التامMina had brought some black chocolate for those orphan children.The irregular verb “bring” has been conjugated to “brought” because the sentence is in the Past Perfect Tense.
8. الماضي التام المستمرMina had been bringing some black chocolate for those orphan children.The irregular verb “bring” has been conjugated to “bringing” because the sentence is in the Past Perfect Continuous Tense.
9. زمن المستقبل البسيطMina will bring some black chocolate for those orphan children.The irregular verb “bring” is in its root form because the sentence is in simple future tense.
10. زمن المستقبل المستمرMina will be bringing some black chocolate for those orphan children.The irregular verb “bring” has been conjugated to “bringing” because the sentence is in the Future Continuous Tense.
11. زمن المستقبل التامMina will have brought some black chocolate for those orphan children.The irregular verb “bring” has been conjugated to “brought” because the sentence is in the Future Perfect Tense.
12. المستقبل التام المستمرMina will have been bringing some black chocolate for those orphan children.The irregular verb “bring” has been conjugated to “bringing” because the sentence is in the Future Perfect Continuous Tense.
Conjugation of Regular verb

استنتاج -

We must make a note that both “regular verbs” and “irregular verbs” need to be conjugated according to their respective subjects, although the rules of regular verb conjugation and irregular verb conjugation are different.

اربيتا بوس روي

يا! أنا أربيتا بوس روي. مؤهلاتي هي ماجستير في اللغة الإنجليزية مع B. Ed. في كل من التعليم العام والتعليم الخاص. لديّ سنتين من الخبرة كـ "محلل لغة" في IIT Kharagpur و 2 سنوات من الخبرة كـ "مطور محتوى أكاديمي" في IIT Kharagpur. أعمل حاليًا ككاتب أكاديمي في Lambdageeks. دعنا نتواصل من خلال LinkedIn-https: //www.linkedin.com/mwlite/in/arpita-bose-roy-4aa0

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