هل ما لم يكن اقتران؟ 3 حقائق (متى وكيف وأمثلة)


Words that are used as connectors can be regarded as conjunctions. In this article, we will be addressing the question whether the word “unless” is a conjunction.

The word “unless” is a conjunction as it aids in connecting or linking a dependent clause (subordinate clause) with that of an بند مستقل (main clause).  Any word that aids in connecting two or more words, clauses, phrases, or sentences fall under the part of speech “conjunctions”. 

With the some interesting facts and examples, let us explore further on the usage of the word “unless” as a conjunction.

When is “unless” a conjunction?

We already know that the word “unless” can be a conjunction, here, let us get to know when (at what places), “unless” can be a conjunction.

“Unless” is a conjunction when it connects two clauses. In this usage, the action in one clause will take place only if the action in other clause does not take place. “Unless” denotes a condition and can be placed in the beginning or in the middle of a sentence depending on the subordinate clause’s position.

Position of “unless” in the sentenceأمثلةتفسيرات
1. Beginning of the sentenceما لم I feed her, she will not eat her food.جملة ثانوية: ما لم I feed her
Main Clause: she will not eat her food

هنا ، العطف “unless” موجود في بداية of the sentence as the جملة ثانوية is placed before the main clause.

“Unless” here is used to say that she will eat her food, only if “I” feed her.
2. Middle of the sentenceRuhi will not sleep ما لم you tell her a bedtime story.Main Clause: Ruhi will not sleep
جملة ثانوية: ما لم you tell her a bedtime story

هنا ، العطف “unless” موجود في وسط of the sentence as the جملة ثانوية is وضعت بعد the main clause.

“Unless” here is used to say that Ruhi will sleep, only if “you” tell her a bedtime story.
When is “unless” a conjunction

How is “unless” a subordinating conjunction?

With different types of conjunctions present in English language, the word “unless” falls under subordinating conjunction category. Let us find out the reason for that.

The word “unless” is a subordinating conjunction because it is utilized to introduce a subordinating clause (dependent clause). It helps to connect the dependent clause with the main clause of a sentence. Any conjunction that introduces a dependent clause falls under the subordinating conjunction category.

على سبيل المثال: ما لم you complete your homework, you cannot go for playing.

  • Subordinate Clause: unless you complete your homework
  • البند الرئيسي: you cannot go for playing
  • اقتران ثانوي: ما لم

في الجملة أعلاه ، الكلمة “unless” هو ارتباط ثانوي since it is introducing the dependent clause “unless you complete your homework". It also aids in connecting this clause with the independent clause.

Examples of “unless” as a conjunction

We can have a better understanding about the بالتزامن “unless” with the aid of some examples and related explanations.

The table below consists of sentences in which the word “unless” is utilized as a conjunction.

أمثلةتفسيرات
1. ما لم you learn every day, you will not be able to score good marks in your final tests.جملة ثانوية: ما لم you learn everyday
Main Clause: you will not be able to score good marks in your final test

هنا الكلمة “unless” is performing the role of a بالتزامن كما هو introducing the sub clause thereby connecting it with the main clause.

“Unless” here is used to convey that “you” will be able to score good marks in fail tests, only if “you” learn every day.
2. Let us not contact the manager, ما لم it is an urgent and important matter.Main Clause: Let us not contact the manager
جملة ثانوية: ما لم it is an urgent and important matter.

هنا الكلمة “unless” is taking up the role of a بالتزامن كما هو introducing the sub clause thereby joining it with the independent clause.

“Unless” here is used to convey that we will contact the manager, only if there is something urgent and important.
3. Do not take any tablets, ما لم it is prescribed by a doctor.Main Clause: do not take any tablets
جملة ثانوية: ما لم it is prescribed by a doctor

هنا الكلمة “unless” يستخدم ك بالتزامن كما هو introducing the subordinate clause thereby linking it with the independent clause to form a single sentence.


“Unless” here is used to tell us that we should take tablets, only if it is prescribed by a doctor. Else we should not take it.
4. ما لم we find a proof against her, we cannot prove her wrong.جملة ثانوية: ما لم we find a proof against her
Main Clause: we cannot prove her wrong

في هذه الجملة ، الكلمة “unless” يعمل كملف بالتزامن كما يتم استخدامه ل introduce the sub clause and thereby linking it with the main clause to form a single sentence.

“Unless” here is used to convey that we can prove her wrong, only if we find a proof against her.
5. The students will not stop coming late to the class, ما لم they are punished.Main Clause: the students will not stop coming late to the class
جملة ثانوية: ما لم they are punished

هنا الكلمة “unless” is performing the function of a بالتزامن كما هو introducing the subordinate clause thereby linking it with the main clause to form a single sentence.

“Unless” here is used to convey to us that the students will stop coming late to the class,  only if, they are punished
Examples of “unless” as conjunction

في الختام

Thus from this article, we came to know that the conjunction “unless” is a subordinating conjunction of condition and it is used to connect clauses that depicts a condition for the actions to take place or not to take place.

Sowndharya Jagadeeswaran

مرحبًا ... أنا Sowndharya Jagadeeswaran. لقد حصلت على درجة الماجستير في الأدب الإنجليزي. نظرًا لكوني فضوليًا ، فقد ساعدني اهتمامي بالبحث العملي على نشر الأوراق البحثية في المجلات ذات السمعة الطيبة. الآن ، كمهنة ، أنا مدرس حيث أقوم بتدريس الطلاب الصغار والرائعين التقنيات المعقدة للخطابة العامة والكتابة الإبداعية. أستمتع أيضًا بكتابة المقالات حول الموضوعات التي أتخصص فيها والبحث فيها. يمكنك التواصل معي من خلال LinkedIn.

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