هل لا يزال اقتران؟ 5 حقائق (متى ولماذا وأمثلة)


Adverbial conjunctions otherwise known as conjunctive adverbs are adverbs that also do the work of a conjunction by connecting and linking words, phrases, sentences or clauses.

The word “still” is a conjunction, to be more particular and specific, it is an adverbial conjunction, which not only connects the clauses but also modifies the action word, describing word or another adverb in the clauses.

This article will elaborate on the usage of the word “still” as an adverbial conjunction.

When is “still” a conjunction

We already know that “still” can be a conjunction since it falls under the conjunctive adverb category. We shall here see when (at what places) it is a conjunction.

The word “still” will be a conjunction (adverbial conjunction) when it connects two clauses into a single sentence by stating that despite an action or a state of being in the first clause, the action in the second clause is occurring or happening.

Example: Rajesh himself is not very wealthy; لا يزال, he always helps those who ask for help.

البند 1: Rajesh himself is not very wealthy

البند 2: still, he always helps those who ask for help

في الجملة أعلاه ، “still” يعمل كملف conjunction (adverbial conjunction) و joining the two clauses into a single sentence. استخدام “still” يوضح لنا ذلك despite not being very wealthy, Rajesh helps the people who ask for help.

How is “still” a conjunctive adverb

Here let us find out the reason why the word “still” is not just a normal conjunction, but a conjunctive adverb.

“Still” is a conjunctive adverb while connecting two clauses, as it introduces the second clause in a way it modifies the action word (verb) in the first clause. Any word that modifies the verb in the clause as well as connects or joins the clauses can be regarded as a conjunctive adverb.  

Example: Viransh is not feeling well; لا يزال, he wants to go to school.

البند 1: Viransh is not feeling well

البند 2: still, he wants to go to school (adverbial modifier)

هنا، “still” هو الظرف الرابط منذ ذلك الحين linking both the clauses together and also is telling us that despite the state of being (is not feeling well) of Viransh (in the first clause), he wants to do another action (go to school) in the second clause. In this way, the second clause, which is introduced with “still” يصبح adverbial modifier of the first clauses’ action word or state of being (is not feeling well).

Examples of “still” as conjunction

For a better understanding let us explore a few examples of “still” used as adverbial conjunctions.

The table below consists of a lit of example sentences in which the word “still” is utilized as adverbial conjunction.

أمثلةتفسيرات
1. We tried out best; لا يزال, we were not able to convince him.Clause 1: we tried out best
Clause 2: still, we were not able to convince him

“Still”, هنا هو اقتران الظرف منذ ذلك الحين ربط the clauses by telling us despite “we” trying best, “he” could not be convinced.
2. The basketball team played well; لا يزال, they could not defeat their opponent team.Clause 1: the basketball team played well
Clause 2: still, they could not defeat their opponent team

“Still”, هنا هو اقتران الظرف كما هو انضمام the clauses by conveying to us though the team played well, they were not able to defeat their opponent.
3. Gagana lodged a complaint regarding the power cut last evening; لا يزال, it has not yet been resolved.Clause 1: Gagana lodged a complaint regarding the power cut last evening
Clause 2: still, it has not yet been resolved

“Still”, هنا هو اقتران الظرف منذ ذلك الحين ربط the clauses by telling us even though Gagana complained last evening regarding the power cut, till now it is not solved.
4. Piyaali prepared well for the declamation; لا يزال, she was feeling nervous and diffident.Clause 1: Piyaali prepared well for the declamation
Clause 2: still, she was feeling nervous and diffident

“Still”, هنا هو اقتران الظرف because it is used to الانضمام the clauses by conveying to us despite having prepared well, Piyali was not feeling confident.
5. It was not raining; لا يزال, she carried an umbrella in her bag.Clause 1: it was not raining
Clause 2: still, she carried an umbrella in her bag

“Still”, هنا هو اقتران الظرف as it is used to الصفحة the clauses by conveying to us though there were no rains she was having an umbrella in her bag.
Examples of “still” as conjunction

In all the above sentences, we saw that the word “still” is connecting two clauses that are contrasting from each other. It is used to show the contrast in ideas between both the clauses.

When is “still” not considered as conjunction

The word “still” can function as a conjunction only when it is linking words, clauses or sentences. Let us here see, when “still” is not functioning as a conjunction.

The word “still” is not considered as a conjunction when it takes up the roles of other parts of speech such as noun, adjective, verb and adverb. Depending upon the context in which the word “still” is used, it’s part of speech differs.

Example: When we were playing dark room, all of us stood ما يزال، to escape from the catcher.

في الجملة أعلاه ، الكلمة “still” is لا علاقة since it is not used as a connector here. الكلمة “still” يستخدم ك ظرف حال here, since it is modifying the action word (verb) “stood”, بإخبارنا how “we” stood.

Examples of “still” not considered as conjunctions

With the aid of examples, let us here find out how the word “still” is used as different parts of speech other than conjunction.

The table below contains a list of example sentences where the word “still” is not used as conjunctions, but as other different parts of speech.

أمثلةاستخدامتفسيرات
1. ال لا يزال that she took in the mountain top has come out really well.تستخدم كملف الاسم.الكلمة “still” in this sentence is a الاسم كما هو التسمية an object “a photograph”.
2. الأم لا يزال the child’s cry by patting her on the back.تستخدم كملف الفعل.في هذه الجملة ، الكلمة “still” is used an كلمة العمل (فعل) as “stilled” هنا يعني clamed, pacified, soothed.
3. ال لا يزال river looks amazing in the winter.Used as an صفة.هنا الكلمة “still” يعمل كملف الصفة, since it is giving us more information (describing) about the noun “river”.
4. When you are acting like a tree, stand لا يزال, don’t move.Used as an ظرف حال.في هذه الجملة ، الكلمة “still” is taking up the role of an ظرف حال لأنه يعدل كلمة العمل (verb) “stand” by telling us how to stand.
Examples of “still” not considered as conjunctions

في الختام

This article clearly explains how and why the word “still” is not regarded as a simple conjunction but a conjunctive adverb or an adverbial conjunction.

Sowndharya Jagadeeswaran

مرحبًا ... أنا Sowndharya Jagadeeswaran. لقد حصلت على درجة الماجستير في الأدب الإنجليزي. نظرًا لكوني فضوليًا ، فقد ساعدني اهتمامي بالبحث العملي على نشر الأوراق البحثية في المجلات ذات السمعة الطيبة. الآن ، كمهنة ، أنا مدرس حيث أقوم بتدريس الطلاب الصغار والرائعين التقنيات المعقدة للخطابة العامة والكتابة الإبداعية. أستمتع أيضًا بكتابة المقالات حول الموضوعات التي أتخصص فيها والبحث فيها. يمكنك التواصل معي من خلال LinkedIn.

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