15 حقائق عن HCl + SbOCl: ماذا وكيف توازن والأسئلة الشائعة


Hydrochloric acid, an aqueous solution of hydrogen and chloride which on reacts with Antimony oxychloride to produce Antimony trichloride (SbCl3) and water. Some important facts are discussed in this article about this reaction.

The aqueous solution of Hydrochloric acid also called as muriatic acid, which is an inorganic chemical with chemical formula HCl. It is a colourless gas having pungent smell. SbOCl which is called as antimony oxychloride and stibenous chloride having molecular weight 173.21g/mol.

In this article, we will discuss about balancing reactions, type of reactions and other various aspects of HCl + SbOCl reaction.

Aqueous Hydrochloric acid and Antimony oxychloride

Antimony belongs to p-block with atomic symbol (Sb) having the electronic configuration [كر] 4d10 5s2 5p3.  Antimony oxychloride is basically used for organic reactions or to make drugs. Hydrochloric acid is the strong acid having molecular weight of 36.458g/mol. It is a transparent liquid used in food, textile, rubber industries etc.

What is the product of HCL and SbOCl?

Antimony Chloride Oxide + Hydrogen Chloride = Antimony Trichloride + Water

Antimony chloride oxide on reaction with hydrogen chloride forms antimony trichloride with water.

What type of reaction is HCL + SbOCl?

The reaction of HCl with SbOCl is a double-displacement-reaction . Chemical reactions generally involves either the breaking of chemical bonds or formation of bonds.

Steps to balance the chemical reaction

The chemical reaction determined or calculated by following steps:

  • ضع علامة على كل مركب بمتغير على المواد المتفاعلة والمنتجات.

aSbOCl + bHCl – cSbCl3 + dH2O

  • ضع علامة على عدد الذرات

For Sb:  1a  +  0b   =   1c + 0d

For O:    1a  + 0b    =   0c + 1d

بالنسبة إلى Cl: 1a + 1b = 3c + 0d

For H:   0a  +   1b   =   0c  +  2d

  • Solve all the variables

a = 1 (SbOCl)

b = 2 (HCl)

c = 1 (SbCl3)

d = 1 (H2O)

  • ضع المكونات

SbOCl + 2HCl =  SbCl3 + H2O

مركبالمتفاعلاتالمنتجات
Sb11
O11
Cl33
H22

Hence, there is equal number of elements in the reactants and products. So, reaction is balanced.

HCL + SBOCL titration

Titration between HCl and SbOCl is not possible. It is not possible to calculate the end point of reaction.

HCL + SBOCL net ionic equation

HCl is a strong electrolyte. They totally dissociated into ions and give H+ الأيونات و Cl- أيونات (+H₃O).

المعادلة الأيونية الصافية هي

H+   Cl- + Sb3+   + س2-  + Cl-

Write all the reactions in their particular states

HCl(l)  + SbOCl (s) =  SbCl3(ق) + ح2O (ل)

Now, split the atoms into ions , so net equation is

H+  +   Cl- + Sb3+   + س2-  + Cl-

HCl + SbOCl conjugate pairs

HCl is a strong acid. When HCl donates a proton, Cl- ions are produced and Cl- is called as conjugate base. In SbOCl is a white crystalline solid. The conjugate paid in SbOCl is hypochlorite ion (OCl-) is a conjugate base of hypochlorous acid.

HCl and SbOCl intermolecular forces

·      The intermolecular forces in HCl consists of London_dispersion_force besides dipole dipole interaction.

·    In SbOCl , there are strong electrostatic forces of attraction.

Is HCl + SbOCl a buffer solution

The reaction of HCl and SbOCl is not a buffer solution because HCl is a strong acid. Antimony oxychloride is soluble in hydrochloric acid but insoluble in water.

Is HCl + SbOCl a complete reaction

HCl with SbOCl is a complete reaction. The products of the reactions are SbCl3 وH2O, one of them is a acid and H2O is neutral.

Is HCl + SbOCl an exothermic or endothermic reaction

In this reaction, the reaction is exothermic. On dilution, it will dissociate into ions and form exothermic reactions.

Is HCl + SbOCl a redox reaction

HCl and SbOCl is a redox reaction. As, the product of reaction SbCl3 and water is oxidised or reduced.

Is HCl + SbOCl رد فعل عكسي أو لا رجوع فيه

It is a reversible reaction. Hypochlorous acid is weak acid that forms chlorine when dissolve in water.

في الختام

HCl is a strong acid and it is usually used production of organic compounds. While antimony oxychloride is used for flameproofing textiles.

 

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link to 15 Facts on HCl + SbOCl: What, How to Balance & FAQs

15 حقائق عن HCl + SbOCl: ماذا وكيف توازن والأسئلة الشائعة

حمض الهيدروكلوريك ، محلول مائي من الهيدروجين والكلوريد الذي يتفاعل مع أوكسي كلوريد الأنتيمون لإنتاج ثلاثي كلوريد الأنتيمون (SbCl3) والماء. تمت مناقشة بعض الحقائق المهمة في هذا ...